Sunday, June 4, 2017

Best time to buy a stock

Problem Statement

Say you have an array for which the ith element is the price of a given stock on day i.
If you were only permitted to complete at most one transaction (ie, buy one and sell one share of the stock), design an algorithm to find the maximum profit.

Link to GitHub :Code



Example 1
Input: [7, 1, 5, 3, 6, 4]
Output: 5

max. difference = 6-1 = 5 (not 7-1 = 6, as selling price needs to be larger 
than buying price)
Example 2
Input: [7, 6, 4, 3, 1]
Output: 0

In this case, no transaction is done, i.e. max profit = 0


Solution

  • We need 2 variables maxcur and maxsoFar. 
  • maxCur  keeps on adding 2 consecutive stock price 
  • maxCur would then compare value with maxsoFar.
  • When we reach end of the array we would get maxsoFar


public static int get(int [] prices){
  int maxSoFar=0, maxCur=0;
  
  //We need to start getting the difference from the second and 
                //first element in the array and 
  // keep incrementing i
  for(int i=1;i<=prices.length-1;i++)
  {
   //gets the current max
   maxCur=Math.max(0, maxCur+=prices[i]-prices[i-1]);
   //gets the max so far
   maxSoFar=Math.max(maxCur, maxSoFar);
  }
  return maxSoFar;
  
 }

Iteration


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